Home Safety Checklist: Children

Young children are curious and love to explore their surroundings. This exploration is vital to the learning process, but hazards in the typical home can prove to be quite dangerous for young ones. Childproofing your home is one of the most important things you can do to insure the health of your child.
While there is no such thing as a completely safe environment, you can take a few simple precautions to limit the dangers. Remember, there is no replacement for keeping a watchful eye on your child. No safety device is fool-proof, but you can lessen the chances of your child experiencing a household injury by using these devices correctly.
The following is a home safety checklist and preventative measures to protect your child from dangers at home

Safety latches on cabinets, drawers and toilet seats

Safety latches on cabinets, drawers and toilet seats can help to prevent poisonings, drownings, and other injuries. A variety of latch types are available. Make sure to choose those that adults can easily install and use, but that are strong enough to withstand a child’s pulling and grabbing. Keep the dishwasher locked, and keep knives out of reach.

Medicines and Poisons

Make sure all of these items have safety caps and are stowed in locked cabinets or those with safety latches.

Lightweight Plastic Bags

Keep rubbish or dry-cleaning bags away from children at all times.

Toys with Small Parts

Keep these and other small objects away from children. Coins, batteries, and nightlights or torches with small bulbs are also swallowing hazards. Keep out of reach


Some household plants are toxic, and children can harm themselves when pulling over larger pots. Keep all plants out of reach.

Electronic Outlets

Outlet covers and socket plates can help prevent electrocution. These are available at any shop where children’s items are sold. Make sure to select covers that are not easily removed so as to prevent children choking on them.

Safety gates

Safety gates are needed to prevent falls down the stairs or to keep children out of areas that are not safe. Gates that screw to the wall are more reliable. It is best to use newer safety gates because they meet more stringent safety standards.

Window guards

Window guards can prevent a fall out of a window. There should be at least one window that can be used as a fire escape if necessary.

Anti-scald devices

Anti-scald devices should be used on all hot-water faucets and showerheads. There is a good selection of devices that help test the temperature of bath water before bathing the little ones. Your hot immersion heater should be set at 48°C (118°F) to help prevent burns. There should also be barriers around radiators or heaters.

Home Safety Checklist

Corner and Edge Bumpers

Edge protectors should be placed on the edges of coffee tables and fireplaces to prevent injury from falls or collisions.

Window Blind or Drapery Cords

Safety tassels and inner lead stops can be used to prevent children from being tangled up in unsafe cords. If your blinds are older, cords should be cut, and safety tassels should be added. If installing newer blinds, ask that safety features be added.

Door Knob Covers and Door Locks

To prevent children from opening doors, these covers can be placed on door knobs. They keep small hands from being able to open doors to potentially dangerous areas. Door locks can be added to the upper part of doors to provide added security. This especially important to prevent children from slipping outside (e.g. if there is a garden fountain or pond).


Use a crib that meets current safety standards. Make sure it has a firm, tight-fitting mattress to avoid having babies get stuck between crib and edge of mattress. Never place babies in adult beds.

Install CCTV

CCTVs allow parents or care persons to keep an eye on children at all times.

Smoke detectors

Smoke detectors should be installed on every level of your home and should be in good working order. Make sure you test them regularly and replace batteries at least once a year. Make sure there are working fire extinguishers in the home and that you know how to use them.

Carbon monoxide detectors

Carbon monoxide detectors should be installed in all homes with petrol or oil heat or that have attached garages. These should be placed near sleeping areas to prevent carbon monoxide poisoning. Homes in colder climates with weather sealing are particularly vulnerable to carbon monoxide poisoning.

Emergency Procedures

All households should review emergency procedures. Exits should be clear and emergency phone numbers posted. This especially important if you have a care person or babysitter in your home.

CPR and First Aid Training

Anyone taking care of a child should have training in both cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and first aid.


If you have a knife or any other weapons in the home, they should be kept locked up in an out-of-reach, secured location. Children should never have access to keys
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